Sleep Apnea is a serious sleep disorder in which there is a interruption of breathing during sleep. Breathing pauses can last for a few seconds or few minutes. It is common in people who have the habit of snoring during sleep. Patients with sleep apnea have 30% higher risk of getting diabetes.
Obstructive Sleep apnea: It is caused by a blocking of the airway when the soft tissue inside the throat collapses during sleep.
Central Sleep apnea: In this case, the brain is prevented from signaling the muscles to breathe, due to instability in respiratory tract.
- Loud and persistent snoring
- Restless sleep with frequent tossing and turning in bed
- Snoring interrupted by frequent pauses when it seems that the sleeper has stopped breathing
- Gasping and Choking
- Pauses in breathing severely impact quality and quantity of sleep.This causes excessive lethargy and reduced energy to do daily activities.
- Sore throat, headaches and dry mouth in the morning
If left untreated, sleep apnea can result in various health problems, such as high blood pressure, stroke, heart failure, irregular heartbeats, headaches and diabetes, depression etc.
The various factors that contribute to sleep apnea are :
- Common cold
- Enlarged tonsils
- Airway abnormality
- Nose abnormality
Using CPAP machine (Continuous Positive Airway Pressure): It is used as a treatment option wherein a mask is worn over the nose and mouth while you sleep. The mask is attached to a machine that delivers a continuous flow of air into the nose. Surgery is the other option for treating Sleep apnea especially the nasal surgery.
Dr. Krishnan is the director of The Healthy Sleep™ – Advanced Center for Snoring, Sleep Apnea, and Migraine Therapy. Provides best treatment for sleep apnea with the help of a dedicated team.
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